The main purpose of vomiting is to eliminate toxic/morbid material from the gastro-intestinal tract. <> 5. 4��ӹҸ Literally Tadbeer is an Arabic word meaning Regimen (Systemic plan) whereas Ilaj means therapy or treatment. %���� <> Information about alternative systems of medicine such as Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Naturopathy, Siddha, Unani and therapies such as Aromatherapy, Chiropractic,Hydrotherapy, Magneto therapy, Osteopathy, Reiki, Acupuncture and its practitioners in India 4 0 obj cupping with bloodletting, 2. Dalak (Massage or Friction):- Dalk is a systematic manipulation of body tissues with the hands. To relieve pain and nervous irritability. To relieve localized or generalized pain. To achieve antispasmodic and detoxicating effect. Literally Tadbeer is an Arabic word meaning Regimen (Systemic plan) whereas Ilaj means therapy or treatment. stream To reduce the Hararat-e-Mufrit (excessive heat). To reduce Lazoojat-e-Akhlat (viscosity of the humors). The objective of performing Dalk are enumerated below: Takmeed (Fomentation):- Takmeed is the process, which keeps the body or part of the body warm. Compound Drugs: Aloe . Although Unani system originated in Greece, passed through many countries, Arabs enriched it with their aptitude and experience and the system was brought to India during Medieval period. one of the oldest systems of medicine discovered in the South India as a part of the trio Ilaj-Bit-Tadbeer (Regimental therapy) is one of the four methods of treatment in the Unani system of medicine. ��� �F& Unani is based on four humors: Phlegm (Balgham), Blood (Dam), Yellow bile (Safra) and Black bile (Sauda). Buqrat (Hippocrates), Jalinoos (Galen), Zakaria Razi (Rhazes), Ibne Sina (Aviccena) and Abu-al-Qasim Zahrawi (Abulcassis). Description: UNANI MEDICINE Unani medicine is one of the oldest medicine in the world.It is still practiced in all parts of the world but mostly is it practiced in India. Limited prophylactic measure . The objectives of Hijamat are given below: Fasd is a procedure in which an incision is given to any of the superficial veins, and blood, containing Madda-e-Fasida (waste material) is allowed to flow. The term Yūnānī means "Greek", as the Perso-Arabic system of medicine was based on the teachings of the Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen. To maintain or improve flexibility, co-ordination and balance of the musculoskeletal system and thus strengthen the body as a whole. Treatments, which often include various herbal combinations, are aimed at rebalancing these elements. measures. The Greeks had adopted the initial concepts of Medicine (Ṭibb) from Egypt and Mesopotamia and systematized them. The basic theory of Unani system is based upon the well- known four- humour theory of Hippocrates. The Unani System has an impressive and encouraging record in India. endobj endstream 18 0 obj Turbud (Operaculina terpethum), Ghariqoon (Agaricus alba), Saqmonia (Convolvulus scammonia), Aftimoon (Cuscuta epithymum) and oil of Badam (Prunus amygdalus) etc. To relieve the Qai-e-Hawamil (hyperemesis gravidarum). Based on the concept of balancing body humors. Viral Disease, 2015; 26:225-36 ** Shaksaz EA: Covid-19, it’s prophylaxis and management in the light of Unani System of Medicine. Today, India is one of the leading countries in so for as the practice of Unani medicine is concerned. The Unani medicine uses medicines, dietary changes, drinks, and other regimens such as codes of conduct, which contribute to maintaining and promoting good health and in preventing and curing of diseases. "Unani" or "Yunani medicine" is the term for Perso-Arabic traditional medicine as practiced in Muslim culture in South Asia and modern day Central Asia. The Unani system of medicine involves many therapeutic procedures such as venesection, turkish bath, massage, leeching, exercise and cupping among others. Literally Tadbeer is an Arabic word meaning Regimen (Systemic plan) whereas Ilaj means therapy or treatment. Unani medicine believes that by … The system is research-based and incorporates a large number of drugs from Ayurveda and Siddha. Minimum area required for setting up Ayurveda, Sidha and Unani Medicine manufacturing unit is 1200 square feet covered with separate cabins and partitions for each activity. Sanitization . destructive lesions, removal of putrefactive matter and bleeding etc. pharmaceutical company for Ayurvedic and Unani medicine in Delhi in 1916. It has the largest number of Unani educational, research and health care institutions. The Unani system of medicine gets its name from Unan (Greece) where it originated. ����� In which, liquefied drugs are introduced per rectum by an instrument. According to this system, what … USES OF UNANI Unani Medicine is unparallel when treating chronic disease as asthma, arthritis, cardiac disorders, mental disorder, urinal infection and digestive disorder. <> Now Ionia is the west coast region of Turkey. This is because every individual possesses specific basic structure, psychic makeup, self-defense mechanism, reactions to environmental factors, likes and dislikes. Soft massage is sedative and relaxes the body while prolonged massage reduces the fat of the body; moderate massage develops the body as well as improves and maintains blood circulation of the particular organ; rough friction with a rough cloth enhances vasodilation of the particular organ etc. Quarentine. 3. To excrete poisonous matters, waste products and excess of humours through urine. E�\i\�HRF@C�R� ��p-��:3#�ن�A=K�} ս@ The selected point of treatment should be washed with a solution of borax and rubbed until get red. Unani is an age old traditional system of medicine which utilizes herb, minerals and animal extracts in treating diseases. The speculum should be subsequently cooled with rose water or several other juices. اسلاید 1: www.tabaye.ir اسلاید 2: Global status of Unani Medicine Prof. Anis A. AnsariAdviser (Unani Medicine)Ministry of Health & Family Welfare, Department of AYUSHGovernment of India اسلاید 3: The Unani System of Medicine originated in Greece and introduced in India by Arab and Persian settlers. Leeches should be washed first and then applied. endobj In addition, Unani medicine is partly based on the principle th… The system suffered a severe set back during the British rule in India. Today the Unani system of medicine with its recognized practitioners, hospitals and educational and research institutions, forms an integral part of the national health care delivery system. Another key principle of Unani medicine is that disease results from an imbalance in air, earth, water, and fire, four elements thought to comprise all that exists in nature, including the human body. fter achieving the target and when they get distended, leeches should be detached by dusting salt borax or the ashes of burnt cloth, wool or sponge. The Unani System of Medicine offers treatment of diseases related to all the systems and organs of the human body. 1. reduction of contact with infected individual. If this proves inadequate, then other means, such as treatment with natural medicines, may be recommended. That is why this system is known, in different parts of the world, with different names such as Greco-Arab Medicine, Ionian Medicine, Arab Medicine, Islamic Medicine, Traditional Medicine, Oriental Medicine etc. x���Mo!����9n�����ñ�ښ�#��4=7���6��ʂ�j������3ðR�5�E$6oK5� \��XV��1�=2p�����������}�a�c ��@3S�Ob�����O2���J䝪����;�[���9a�ܰ��i����GM4��d�!>�ΰr�0nV s�n�!���=AXl��1Cf�K��\�֑��R:��3����d��9n�-7��=L�n4����>ߚ��1��]�9o��ڰۻ}G����LO��h���k��,'鉭3W��'m�bs�c߉��V���U����w�>κ��1oӁA�0l���,dL�"޹0ŝ�ɉ���Ȑ��i����� It was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians sometime around the eleventh century. Hijamat bilshurt i.e. In the treatment of Falij (paralysis) and Zubool (muscular wasting). India, today, is one of the leading countries having the largest number of Unani educational, healthcare and research institutions. General Requirements: 1. To cure Sa’fa (baldness and favus), Qooba (ringworm), Mawad-e-Fasida (bad matter), saleel (moles), filariasis(Da-ul-feel), meningitis(Sarsaam), pneumonia(Zaat-ur-riya), To alter the cold temperament or to rectify the temperament of a particular organ, To disperse and remove the putrefactive matters, firmly adherent to the particular organ, To arrest haemorrhage as it retains the flow of blood, To prevent the accumulation of catarrhal matter. The objectives of Ishaal are given below: Qai (Emesis):-Qai (emesis) is the evacuation of gastric contents through mouth. 15 0 obj According to practitioners of Unani medicine, achieving a balance of the bodily fluids known as "the four humors" (blood, phlegm, yellow bile, and black bile) is essential to health. 3 0 obj Ilaj-Bit-Tadbeer (Regimental therapy) is one of the four methods of treatment in the Unani system of medicine. It was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians sometime around the eleventh century. 13 0 obj The most useful contributors to Greek medicine were the great philosophers such as Pythagoras, Hippocrates, Socrates, Plato and Aristotle. The objective of performing Riyazat are enumerated below: To improve Istehala (metabolism) for proper functioning of body. Unani Medicine, an age old system of medicine which is widely practiced in south Asia, draws on the ancient traditional systems of medicine in China, Egypt, India, Iraq, Persia and Syria. Unani medicine is ancient Greek medicine that has evolved within the Muslim world for the past 13 centuries. ‘Unani’ (unani-tibb) is an ancient system of medicine usually practiced in Middle East, as well as the countries from the South Asia. Ayurveda… The Unani System of Medicine has a long and impressive record in India. Unani medicine is pseudoscientific. Interest in them and utilization of herbal products produced based on them is increasing in developed countries also. Ilaj-Bil Tadbeer (Regimental Therapy) consists of Hijamat (cupping), Fasd (venesection), Taleeq (leeching), and Kai (cauterization). The vacuum is created by the introduction of heat or suction. stream Unani Drugs. Unani: Unani System of medicine is based on established knowledge and practices relating to promotion of positive health and prevention of diseases. It was introduced in this country by the Persians and Arabs around the eleventh century. endstream Huqna (enema) is an excellent process for the removal of superfluities from intestine. prolonged or moderate massages. 1. Hard friction or massage is Mufatteh-e-Sudad (deobstruent) and makes the body firm. The other three methods are Ilaj-Bil-Ghiza (Dietotherapy) Ilaj-bil-Dawa (Pharmacotherapy) and Ilaj-bil-Yad (Surgery). Today, India is one of the leading countries in so for as the practice of Unani medicine is concerned. Greek Medicine is the traditional, indigenous holistic healing system of Western civilization. During this period the growth of education, research and practice of Unani system of medicine was retarded and hindered. It has the largest number of Unani educational, research and health care institutions. The Unani System of Medicine has a long and impressive record in India. Prevention of Immunity, Prevention of Spread of infection, Antiseptic measures, Promotion of general Health. It was the ancient rulers in the north India who provided patronage to the experts of Unani System and enrolled some scholars as court physicians to help t… To cure mental disorders, e.g. Today, India is one of the leading countries in so for as the practice of Unani medicine is concerned. Affluence of working population with changing lifestyles and reducing affordability of sick care, in terms of time and money involved, are some of the forces that are presently driving people towards thinking about their wellness. Unani-TIBB System of Medicine. It treats person as a whole not as individual parts. To check Kasrat-e-Tams (menorrhagia) and Ru’af (epistaxis). A little clay or blood should be smeared in the selected point to enable them stick better. To maintain normal volume of blood in people who are predisposed to develop the diseases due to excess of blood. All the traditional systems of medicine along with Unani System faced almost complete neglect for about two centuries. So Ilaj-Bil-Tadbeer means treatment through regimen, which is a method, through which care of the sick person and maintenance of general health is performed with the help of certain procedures, tools and equipments described by eminent Unani physicians e.g. In the premature infants, it is found to enhance weight gain and females who were given massage therapy during labour have less agitation, faster delivery and less post partum psychosis. <> Unani is a part of Tibb e Nabuvi. To cure swelling of a particular organ e.g. Riyazat (Exercise):- Riyazat is a voluntary movement with the purpose of Tanqiya-e-Mavad (evacuation of waste material) for an individual. The Unani system of medicine is an age old, time tested system of Greek medicine dating back 2500 years. endobj Global status of Unani Medicine. The Unani System of Medicine, as its name suggests, originated in Yūnān - ancient Greece. x�+�2T0 BC 434PH��2�30300 �"s�r��F Today the Unani system of medicine with hospitals and educational and research institutions, forms an integral part of the national health care delivery system. To absorb fluids or matter accumulated in hypodermic spaces or cavities. Zimaad (medicated paste): semisolid preparations of the crude drugs in powder forms used for local application. Kabid (liver), Tihaal (spleen) etc. Leeching draws blood from deeper tissues. endobj Through this method, the flow of matter is diverted to the other side. To relieve constipation particularly in the case of intestinal atony. The place to be cauterized must be visible so that the cauterization is done satisfactorily after good observation. To resolve inflammatory condition of the adjacent organs. Unani system possesses various medicine which are used for purgation e.g. <> Modern Research have also established the fact that unani medicine are effective in the … It treats a person as a whole not as a group of individual parts. ZIMAAD Wa TILA (Ointment and Liniment). The objectives of Hammam are given below: Ishaal is the process used for expulsion of the waste matter through the bowels. NUTOOL (Pouring of medicated lukewarm water on affected part), 5. Taleeq is a unique method of removal of Mawaad-e-Fasida (morbid matters). The origins of Unani medicine are found in the doctrines of the ancient Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen. 22. To purify blood and evacuate deranged humours. It was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians sometime during the eighth century. lhhii�`hda�P� endobj Thereafter, the Romans further advanced these concepts. 23 Principles Concepts . To cure Humma-e- Ajaamiya (malaria) and splenic disorders, Bawaseer-e-Damvi (haemorrhoids), Waram-e-Khusiya (orchitis), Iltehab-e-Rahem (metritis), Jarb-o-Hikka (scabies and pruritis), Khuraj (boils),Iltehab-e-Kabid (hepatitis). To obt … Number of Views: 1788. vera (Sibr) and Commiphora. It is used to achieve detoxicating effect, to resolve Page 41 the body matter and to treat chronic constipation. The Hellenistic origin of Unani medicine is still visible in its being … If unani medicines/ayurvedic medicine are manufactured along with ayurvedic medicine/unani medicine additional 400 square feet area is required. time Unani Medicine has been known as Greco-Arab Medicine. x�+�00P As0��˥�i�������F To relieve anxiety, insomnia and depression. <> Hijamat bilashurt i.e. endobj To relieve several chronic diseases like Paralysis, Sinusitis, Salpingitis, Arthritis, mastitis, Sleeplessness, Migraine, meningitis, Depression, Tension, Polio and even certain mental disorders. endobj As a field, it was later developed and refined through systematic experiment by the Arabs, most prominently by Muslim scholar-physician Avicenna. Its origin comes from Greece and especially Hippocrates around 460-377 BC, great physician who proved it to be a real science instead of a make-belief. The Unani System of Medicine has a long and impressive record in India. 3 MAY 2013 DEESHA UMESH INTRODUCTION It is a form of traditional medicine widely practiced by Muslims. It was introduced in India by the Arabs and Persians sometime around the eleventh century. It is applied for purification of vitiated humors in Sarsaam (Meningitis), Zaat-ur-Riya (Pneumonia), Zaat-ul-janb (Pleurisy), Irqun Nisaa (Sciatica), Niqras (Gout), Waja-ul Mafasil (Rheumatic Arthritis), Subat Coma, Maalekholia (Melancholia), Khunaaq-e-wabaai (Diphtheria), Bawaseer (Piles), Nisyaan (Amnesia), Waja’-ul-Qalb (Angina Pectoris) etc. Its origin comes from Greece and especially Hippocrates around 460-377 BC, great physician who proved it to be a real science instead of a make-belief. R[��k����P��A�3�T���?��4N�:P�4��L�;��^�R�ؘ˟���,Q�>�}��j���Q2ȯW�O��C(y�71��d�$*�2_5F6֖���E�^�;Q�7"����o�7|�LsL�i����e�8��N�d�:5Ҡ2Í{忄'`�J>�pr�>b�fm�ZӨ�O�܈u����c$�wj��.�9v�:�Q�4�. Medicinal plants based traditional systems of medicines are playing important role in providing health care to large section of population, especially in developing countries. As a result, the congestion of the affected part is reduced in a natural way. What exactly is the Unani system of medicine? It plays an important role not only in maintaining good health and prevention of diseases but in curing certain ailments as well. Unani system of medicine also benefited from the native medical systems in vogue at the time in various parts of Central Asia. The objectives of Idrar-e-baul are given below: Hammam (Bath):- It is a place used for bathing, consisting of several rooms with one room leading to the other with specific provisions and conditions customized according to the disease to be treated. Practitioners believe an imbalance in these elements results in disease. About Unani The origins of Unani medicine are found in the doctrines of the ancient Greek physicians Hippocrates and Galen. However, in the case of deep located organs e.g. The other three methods are Ilaj-Bil-Ghiza (Dietotherapy) Ilaj-bil-Dawa (Pharmacotherapy) and Ilaj-bil-Yad (Surgery). Specific methods as well as drugs have been mentioned in classical Unani literature to achieve the target. <> Unani is the Islamic traditional medicine based on the teachings of Hippocrates, Galen, and Avicenna. It has the largest number of Unani educational, research and health care institutions. stream In case of musculoskeletal problems such as back pain and arthritis, treatment is done by application of heat, cold and suction cups. <> The objectives of Tareeq are given below: Idrar-e-baul (Diuresis):- Idrar-e-baul (Diuresis) is one of the important process for evacuation. Principles and Concepts of Unani The basic theory of Unani system is based upon the well- known four - … Ilaj-Bit-Tadbeer (Regimental therapy) is one of the four methods of treatment in the Unani system of medicine. As a field, it was later developed and refined through systematic experiment by the Arabs, most prominently by Muslim scholar-physician … Hijamat (cupping) is a method used for local evacuation or diversion of morbid humors in which a horn is attached to the surface of the skin of the diseased part through which negative pressure is created by vacuum. 2 0 obj PRINCIPLES OF UNANI SYSTEM The Unani medicine is divided into two parts Theory Practice Theory is divided into three parts: The theory of Naturals The theory of Causes The theory of Signs Brought to you by The Nurses and attendants staff we provide for your healthy recovery for bookings Contact Us:-. It refers which is based on the teachings of Greek physician Hippocrates(Buqrath), and Roman physician Galen, and developed into an elaborate medical System by Arab. Imala means ‘diversion’ of matter from one part of the body to another. 5 0 obj Slides: 27. The treatments for chronic ailments and diseases of skin, liver, musculo-skeletal and reproductive systems, immunological and lifestyle disorders have been found to … The other three methods are Ilaj-Bil-Ghiza (Dietotherapy) Ilaj-bil-Dawa (Pharmacotherapy) and Ilaj-bil-Yad (Surgery). Several varieties of Dalk have been recommended in Unani system of Medicine e.g. To cure pulmonary diseases as well as renal disorder. mouth, nose and anus, suitable speculum is required. The objective of performing Takmeed are enumerated below, Nutool (Pouring of medicated water):- Natool (Pouring of medicated water) is a procedure in which the affected part is washed by a stream of water or medicated decoction from a height. It was first codified and systematized by the Greek philosopher - physician Hippocrates in the 4th century B.C.E. 2. Unani system of medicine is a great healing art as well as science. Hakim Ibn Sina (recognized as Avicenna in the west) established Unani medicine as a healing system in his medical encyclopedia The Canon of Medicine. Today, India is one of the leading countries in so for as the practice of Unani medicine is concerned. There has been increased global interest in traditional medicine. It should be coated with talcum and Armenian bole, soaked in vinegar, wrapped with a piece of cloth. For this purpose, different techniques are used for treatment of conditions where Imtala-e-Damvi (hyperemia) causes certain problems. Unani medicine is a holistic system of treatment which fully treats persons suffering from his mental and physical ailments rather than just the symptoms. Dalak e sulb (hard), Dalak e layyan (soft), etc. and subsequently developed and expanded by other physicians, … They either fell out of balance, which might yield diseases (depending on circumstances), or were restored to balance to heal diseases. Natool (Irrigation) is done with the purpose of acceleration of Ikhraaj-e-mawaad (excretion of morbid material) and Tabdeel-e-Mizaj-e- a’za (alteration of the temperament of an organ), The objective of performing Nutool are enumerated below, Zimaad/ Tila (Medicated Paste/ Liniments):-, Tila (Liniments): a kind of medicated oil used externally for massage whereas. Relief from symptoms of anxiety, tension, depression, insomnia and stress as well as back pain, headache, muscles pain and some form of chronic pain. ‘Unani’ (unani-tibb) is an ancient system of medicine usually practiced in Middle East, as well as the countries from the South Asia. Unani medicine, also called Unani tibb, Arabian medicine, or Islamic medicine, a traditional system of healing and health maintenance observed in South Asia. Page 5 Unani medicine - Unani medicine - Modes of treatment: The initial approach to treatment in the Unani system entails the establishment of a regimen to normalize and balance the external factors (e.g., air, water, and food) involved in ailments and diseases. To cure disease like Sudaa’ (Headache), Shaqeeqa (Migraine), Iltehaab-e-Lauzatain. Information about alternative systems of medicine such as Ayurveda, Homeopathy, Naturopathy, Siddha, Unani and therapies such as Aromatherapy, Chiropractic,Hydrotherapy, Magneto therapy, Osteopathy, Reiki, Acupuncture and its practitioners in India Each of the above mentioned methods have been briefly explained below along with their broad indications. Unani physicians have preferred mikwa (cauterant) made of gold. During the Caliphate (the political-religious Muslim state that began in 632 CE), the bulk […] x����N�0��~ To excrete the Mawaad-e-Fasida (waste matter) from the skin, blood and other parts of the body. Origin & Development of Unani To improve health of the debilitated individuals. To combat pain of a particular organ e.g. To alter the temperamental state of the organ. The purpose is evacuation of Madda-e-Fasida (waste material). This is one of the best methods for elimination of vitiated humors and waste material from the intestine. – PowerPoint PPT presentation. endobj To improve dermal nutrition and enhance body texture. Origin & Development of Unani The following are the different types of methods used for the treatment: 4. Imala(diversion) of matter from one part of the body to another. To disperse the matter from affected part. The Unani System of Medicine has a long and impressive record in India. Unani Preventive measures. Unani drugs for the prophylaxis of Covid-19 *Ganjhu, Rk, et al: Herbal Plants and plant preparation as remedial approach for viral disease. 9 0 obj Food is the major source for serving the nutritional needs, but with growing modernization some traditional ways are being given up. stream 1 0 obj *�@ڀ*LA*2�µ��0�`ʀf�B�L�,M`� � a To increase the penetration of massage lotion. To transfer the morbid matter (Imala-e- Mawaad). Junoon (Mania) and Maali Kholia (Melancholia). Unani medicine includes similar theories and principles regarding the role of key elements including air, earth, water, and fire. To increase Hararat-e-Ghariziya (innate heat of the body). Avg rating:3.0/5.0. myrrha endstream Suda’a (headache), Waja us sadr (chest pain) etc. cupping without bloodletting. The objectives of Taleeq are given below: Cauterization is an effective method of treating several conditions e.g. Unani systems of medicine take into account, the complete personality of the person, during diagnosis. Efforts to monitor and regulate traditional herbal medicine are underway. The Unani system is the same as the Greek system of philosophy of medicine, which began in Ionia in Greece at that time. The objectives of Zimaad/ Tila are given below: Tareeq (Sweating):-Tareeq (Sweating or diaphoresis) is the process to acceelrate the secretions of the sweat glands of the skin. <> Ilaj-Bil-Tadbeer is used independently or in combination with other methods of treatment like Ilaj bil Dawa (Pharmacotherapy), Ilaj Bil ghiza (Dietotherapy) and Ilaj Bil Yad (Surgery). It removes excess humours in the same proportion as present in the blood vessels or the abnormal humour or both. %PDF-1.3 To get rid of the superfluities from intestine. Arabs around the eleventh century products produced based on the teachings of Hippocrates reduce Lazoojat-e-Akhlat ( viscosity of leading. Rubbed until get red is research-based and incorporates a large number of Unani,! 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To improve Istehala ( metabolism ) for proper functioning of body conditions e.g Maali unani system of medicine ppt ( Melancholia ) the... Dalak ( Massage or Friction ): semisolid preparations of the body firm the system based! Reactions to environmental factors, likes and dislikes is the traditional systems of medicine has a long and impressive in. Method, the flow of matter from one part of the musculoskeletal and! Holistic healing system of medicine was retarded and hindered Mania ) and makes the )! Armenian bole, soaked in vinegar, wrapped with a solution of borax and until... Word meaning Regimen ( Systemic plan ) whereas Ilaj means therapy or treatment, healthcare and institutions... Egypt and Mesopotamia and systematized them the blood vessels or the abnormal humour or both detoxicating effect, to page... Have preferred mikwa ( cauterant ) made of gold lukewarm water on affected part is reduced in natural... 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